Moral Philosophy: Selflessness And Selfishness


Many cultures and ethical philosophies have encouraged so-called selflessness, like the ethical philosophy of altruism from Auguste Comte (who coined the word altruism).  Maybe as a consequence, a few other philosophies have encouraged so-called selfishness, like the ethical philosophy of Egoism and Ayn Rand's philosophy of Objectivism.

Putting prescriptive morality aside, I argue the self-interestedness encouraged by pro-selfishness philosophers will not necessarily conflict with all the kindness encouraged by pro-selflessness philosophers.

Both philosophical perspectives appear to oppose one another, but that look originates from the usage of divisively perplexing language.

Primarily, let's look in the usage of expression greedy.  Broadly , what many pro-selfishness philosophers telephone "selfishness," I'd call self-interestedness.   By comparison, 'self-interestedness' can refer to acting from a single 's own pursuits, such as direct pursuits.  A lot of folks, including myself, argue that people are inherently self-interested due, by definition, someone desires and appreciates exactly what he or she needs and values.  Those values and desires also grow into targets, and the individual makes their conclusions in an endeavor to fulfill those needs, values, and intentions.  While everybody is self-interested, the tag 'greedy ' is generally reserved just for individuals whose interests are more covetous, uncompassionate or offender compared to other men and women 's interests.

Let 's look at the usage of this expression selfless.  Broadly , what many pro-selflessness philosophers telephone "selflessness," I'd just call sympathy or kindness.  Utilizing the expression 'selflessness' appears to suggest an supposedly "selfless" individual doesn't have some wants, values or intentions or that the individual doesn't attempt and act from their wants, values or aims in any way.  But that's most likely not exactly what most pro-selflessness philosophers mean.  If they call someone "selfless," they probably only indicate that the individual has compassionate needs, values and intentions, in the individual likes to help others and other men and women 's joy makes the individual happy.  Compared to this misnomer 'selfless,' talking about these individuals as compassionate and kind more correctly portrays the people each have type and compassionate interests they every behave out instead of not having pursuits or not behaving from the pursuits.

' And self-interestedness can be used with all kindness.  Actually, I feel it's in the majority of men and women 's self-interest to assist others, not just because others might return the favor, but also because we obviously adore each other.   We feel great when we see others sense great.  We feel awful when we see others feeling awful.  We feel happiness and satisfaction by assisting others and by making other men and women feel happy. 

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