The preservation of human existence is the best price, a pillar of integrity and also the foundation of morality. This held true in many societies and cultures throughout history.
Initially, the previous sentence sounds patently erroneous. Most of us know about human collectives that considered human lifestyles as dispensable, which tortured and murdered, that cleansed and annihilated entire inhabitants in recurrent genocides. Certainly, these withstand the above statement?
Liberal philosophies assert that human life has been treated as a prime worth during the ages. Authoritarian regimes don't contest the over-riding relevance of this value. However, in totalitarian societies, it could be postponed, subsumed, exposed to greater targets, quantized, and, therefore, implemented with homogeneous rigor from the following conditions:
1. Quantitative - if a lesser evil averts a larger one. All civilizations, however steeped (or frozen ) in liberal lore take it. All of them send troops to die to rescue the numerous civilian people. Medical physicians sacrifice lives every day, to rescue others.
( and of course test (nobody may safely predict the outcomes of these ethical dilemmas - will be spared as the effect of the sacrifice?) .
2. Temporal - when forfeiting lifestyle (willingly or not) from the current secures a better life for all others later on. All these future lifestyles shouldn't be more varied than the lives forfeited. A lifetime later on instantly acquires the connotation of childhood in need of protection. It's the old forfeited for the interest of the brand new, a trade off between people who had their share of existence - and also people that hadn't. It's the damn equal of a savings strategy: one defers present ingestion into the future.
The mirror image of the temporal argument is owned by the next category (see following ), the one. It prefers to sacrifice a lifetime in the present in order that the next life, too from today's will continue to exist in the long run. Abortion is an example of the strategy: the lifetime of this child is forfeited to secure the upcoming well-being of their mother. Better to kill its own off-spring.
3. Qualitative - This is a particularly vicious variant since it succeeds to endow abstract thoughts and perspectives using "scientific" objectivity. The end result of the immoral taxonomy is the lifestyles of this "diminished " manufacturers of people are believed "weighty" and worthy compared to the lifestyles of the upper levels of humankind. The former are consequently forfeited to gain the latter.
4. Utilitarian - If the sacrifice of a single life brings another individual material or other advantages. Cash and medication are bartered for lifetime.